How Effective Are Condoms At Preventing Pregnancy

How Effective Are Condoms At Preventing Pregnancy?

The question of effectiveness is often asked when it comes to condoms and pregnancy prevention. Condoms are considered one of the most effective forms of contraception, second only to complete abstinence from sex. When used correctly and consistently, condoms can provide as much as 98-99% protection against unplanned pregnancy.

What are Condoms?

In short, condoms are thin sheaths made of latex, polyurethane or polyisoprene which are placed over an erect penis during intercourse. They help to reduce the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) by preventing the exchange of fluids.

Effectiveness of Condoms

Condoms can be a highly effective form of contraception when used correctly and consistently. They are estimated to be 98-99% effective when used to prevent pregnancy. This means that if 100 people have sex using a condom, only 1-2 of them will become pregnant.

It should be noted that the effectiveness of condoms may vary depending on how they are used. For example, condoms which are too small or too large, which are not lubricated or used in combination with oil-based lubricants, or which are used too long after they have expired, are less likely to be effective in preventing pregnancy.

Additional Benefits of Condoms

In addition to protecting against unplanned pregnancy, condoms also offer additional benefits. These include:

  • Protection against STI’s, such as HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis.
  • Reduced risk of cervical cancer, for women who use condoms regularly.
  • Increased sexual satisfaction by helping to reduce friction and prolong intercourse.


In conclusion, when used correctly and consistently, condoms can provide a highly reliable and effective form of contraception against unplanned pregnancy. They also offer additional benefits such as protection against STI’s and increased sexual satisfaction.

It is important to note that no form of contraception is 100% effective, and all methods should be used in combination with other prevention strategies, such as using a backup method and getting tested regularly, to help reduce the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.

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