What Is Strep B Test In Pregnancy


What Is Strep B Test In Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is an important time for women and their babies to receive necessary medical care to ensure a safe and healthy delivery. One of these tests is the Strep B test, which is also known as Group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening. This test is used to assess the risk of infection for the baby during labor.

What Is Group B Streptococcus (GBS)?

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a type of bacteria that is commonly found in the vagina and intestines of many women. About 25 percent of women carry this bacteria during pregnancy and are considered to be “GBS carriers”. While the bacteria itself is usually harmless, it can cause serious infections in newborn babies when passed to them during pregnancy or labor. Although these infections are rare, they can cause serious long-term health problems and even be life-threatening.

Why Is The Strep B Test Performed?

The Strep B test is used to determine whether or not a woman is carrying GBS during her pregnancy. This information is used to assess the risk of infection for her newborn baby during labor. Currently, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that all pregnant women at 35-37 weeks gestation get tested for GBS using either a urine sample or vaginal-rectal swab.



What Happens If I Test Positive?

If a woman tests positive, it means that she is carrying GBS at the time of the test. If a woman is GBS positive, she will be offered antibiotics during labor to lower the risk of passing the bacteria to her baby. Depending on her birth plan, she may also be advised to deliver at a hospital that is better equipped to handle any potential complications.

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Conclusion

The Strep B test is one of the important medical tests that women should receive during pregnancy. This test is used to assess the risk of infection for the baby during labor and can help prevent serious complications that may otherwise be life-threatening. If a woman tests positive, she will be offered antibiotics during labor to lower the risk of passing the bacteria to her baby. It is important that women follow their doctor’s orders and take all necessary precautions for a healthy delivery.

What are the symptoms of group B strep in pregnant women?

Symptoms of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection in pregnant women may vary. Some women may experience no symptoms, while others may experience fever, chills, and/or an irregular heartbeat. Other symptoms include abdominal pain, vaginal discharge or bleeding, weakness or fatigue, and pain when urinating. If a pregnant woman experiences any of these symptoms, it’s important to call a doctor or midwife immediately.



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