What is Glucose in Urine During Pregnancy?
Glucose in urine during pregnancy refers to the presence of glucose, or sugar, detected in the urine of pregnant women. While some glucose in urine is normal, high levels may be an indication of gestational diabetes. During pregnancy, extra glucose is produced to nourish the baby, but if the mother’s body isn’t able to adequately process the glucose, it is passed into the urine.
What Are The Symptoms of Glucose in Urine?
The main symptom of glucose in urine during pregnancy is the presence of sugar in the urine. While it is possible to check for glucose in urine at home, most health care providers will recommend that a pregnant woman have her urine tested for glucose. Other symptoms of gestational diabetes include extreme fatigue, increased thirst, frequent urination and blurred vision.
What Tests Are Used to Diagnose Glucose in Urine Pregnancy?
A majority of expectant women will be tested for glucose in the urine after their 24th week of pregnancy. The test will involve submitting a small sample of urine to the doctor or midwife, who will then measure the level of glucose in the sample. If further testing is needed, the health care provider may recommend an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). This test involves the drinking of a glucose solution and having blood tests taken at regular intervals to measure the body’s glucose levels.
Does Having Glucose in Urine Pregnancy Increase Risk?
Yes, having glucose in urine during pregnancy increases the risk of certain health complications for both the pregnant woman and the baby. The risk of the baby’s birth weight being too high, premature birth, stillbirth and other medical conditions is increased for women with gestational diabetes. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes may also experience increased levels of anxiety, blood pressure and fatigue.
What Treatments Are Available for Glucose in Urine Pregnancy?
The main treatment for glucose in urine pregnancy is to keep the body’s glucose levels as close to normal as possible. This can be achieved by maintaining a proper diet, getting regular amounts of exercise, monitoring glucose levels regularly and taking diabetes medications, if prescribed by the doctor. Additionally, regular checkups with a health care provider can help manage glucose in urine during pregnancy, reduce health risks and help ensure the mother and baby remain healthy.
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