The Use of Pain Medications During Pregnancy
Pain relief during pregnancy can be difficult. As pregnancy progresses, the discomfort associated with it increases and so does the need for relief. The use of pain medications during pregnancy has become increasingly popular in recent years as a way to manage pain, but with this comes the potential for risk. In this blog, we’ll take a closer look at the use of pain medications during pregnancy and the potential risks associated with them.
Types of Pain Medications
There are several types of pain medications available for use during pregnancy, including:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Muscle relaxants
Risks of Pain Medication During Pregnancy
The use of pain medication during pregnancy carries risks and should be done only under a doctor’s supervision. The risk of birth defects with the use of NSAIDs is low, but increases if taken late in the pregnancy or at high doses. The use of opioids has been found to increase the risk of birth defects, as well as preterm labor and low birth weight. The use of benzodiazepines may increase the risk of placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and low Apgar score at birth. Muscle relaxants are not recommended during pregnancy due to the increased risk of birth defects and other complications. Antidepressants have been linked to an increased risk of preterm labor, low birth weight, and depression in the newborn.
Alternatives to Pain Medication During Pregnancy
If you’re experiencing pain during pregnancy, there are alternatives to pain medications available. Some of the alternatives include:
- Physical therapy
- Chiropractic care
- Gentle massage
- Warm baths
- Ice packs
The use of pain medications during pregnancy can be beneficial in managing pain, but there are potential risks associated with their use. Before taking any type of pain medications during pregnancy, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. There are also several alternatives to pain medications that may be safer and equally effective in managing pain during pregnancy.
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