What Causes Hemorrhoids Pregnancy


What Causes Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is a wonderful time of life but it can also bring a range of uncomfortable and sometimes painful issues to the forefront. One of the most common, yet potentially most debilitating, is that of hemorrhoids.

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are veins located in the anal area that become swollen and inflamed. They can cause itchiness, pain and in severe cases, bleeding.

What Causes Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy?

Hemorrhoids during pregnancy are caused by increased pressure from the baby, as well as hormone changes in the body. Additionally, the expanding uterus can put pressure on the veins that feed into the rectum.



Common Risk Factors for Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

The following are common risk factors for developing hemorrhoids during pregnancy:

  • Constipation – Difficulty passing stool can lead to straining and are particularly common in pregnant women due to the additional pressure the baby places on the rectal area.
  • Excessive Weight Gain – As the body adjusts to the growing baby it can become harder to find a comfortable sleeping position, which can cause increased pressure on the rectal veins.
  • Low-Fibre Diet – A lack of dietary fibre can contribute to constipation and straining during bowel movements.

Treating Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

The most effective way to treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy is to make sure you’re eating a balanced, high-fibre diet, drinking plenty of water and exercising regularly. If the hemorrhoids become too severe, your doctor may prescribe a topical medication such as a corticosteroid cream or suppository.

Preventing Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

The best way to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy is to avoid the common risk factors mentioned above. Eating a high-fibre diet, drinking plenty of water and exercising can help to reduce the pressure placed on your rectal area. Be sure to speak with your healthcare provider to discuss any concerns you may have and to ensure that you are doing all you can to reduce your risk.

What are the treatments for hemorrhoids during pregnancy?

1. Increase fiber in your diet: Eating a diet high in fiber (25 to 30 grams per day) can reduce your risk of developing hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Increase your intake of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

2. Drink lots of fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids can help soften and bulk up your stools, making them easier to pass. Aim for at least eight glasses of water per day.

3. Exercise: Regular exercise can help to promote good digestion, reduce constipation and help reduce your risk of hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

4. Avoid straining: When going to the toilet, be sure to avoid straining. This can increase your risk of hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

5. Use a stool softener: If constipation is a problem, a mild stool softener may be helpful. Speak to your doctor first before taking any medications.

6. Use cold compresses: Applying a cold compress to the area can help reduce inflammation, swelling and discomfort caused by hemorrhoids.

7. Use over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams: Applying over-the-counter medicated creams specifically designed to treat hemorrhoids can provide relief from itchy, burning or painful symptoms.

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