What Is High Bp In Pregnancy


What is High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy?

High Blood Pressure (HBP) during pregnancy is an increase in the pressure of the blood flowing through the arteries. HBP is also known as “pregnancy-induced hypertension” (PIH) and is a common complication of pregnancy. This condition can increase the risk of several health issues for both the mother and baby.

What Are the Causes of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy?

The exact cause of HBP in pregnancy is unknown, but some known risk factors include:



  • A prior pregnancy with pre-eclampsia
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Being pregnant with multiples (twins, triplets, etc.)
  • Having diabetes, HIV, or other chronic medical conditions
  • A family history of hypertension

What Are the Symptoms of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy?

The signs and symptoms of HBP during pregnancy can vary, and can include:

  • Increased swelling in the hands, face, and/or feet
  • Headaches, particularly at the back of the head
  • Changes in vision (blurring, seeing spots, etc.)
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Pain in the upper right abdomen

How Is High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Diagnosed?

HBP during pregnancy is typically diagnosed through regular prenatal checkups. During these appointments, your doctor will measure your blood pressure to check for increases.

How Is High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Treated?

Treatment for HBP during pregnancy typically includes diet and lifestyle changes. These can include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and reducing stress. Medications may also be prescribed to help lower your blood pressure.

What Are the Potential Complications of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy?

Possible complications of HBP in pregnancy can include preterm labor, preeclampsia, low birth weight, and stillbirth. It’s important to monitor your blood pressure and contact your healthcare provider if you experience any of the symptoms of this condition.

High Blood Pressure (HBP) during pregnancy is a common medical condition that can increase the risk of serious complications for both the mother and baby. If you experience any of the symptoms of HBP during pregnancy, it’s important to contact your healthcare provider right away. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the chances of complications can be minimized.

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